Christopher Jonathan James Nolan (born July 30, 1970) is a British-American film director, screenwriter and producer.
He received serious notice after his second feature Memento (2000), which he wrote and directed based on a story idea by his brother, Jonathan Nolan. Jonathan collaborated with him on later scripts, including the Batman series and The Prestige. He also collaborated with Wally Pfister, who would photograph all his subsequent films. Next he directed the Hillary Seitz written Insomnia (2002), and then pitched an idea for a reboot of the Batman film franchise to Warner Brothers, eventually making a successful trilogy. Inception (2010) was an original screenplay by Nolan, a heist film set in the world of "shared dreaming". Nolan co-founded Syncopy Films with his wife, Emma Thomas, and they have produced all his films since The Prestige (2006).
Nolan has also worked with screenwriter David S. Goyer, film editor Lee Smith, composers David Julyan and Hans Zimmer, special effects coordinator Chris Corbould, and actors Christian Bale, Cillian Murphy, Jeremy Theobald, Tom Hardy, Ken Watanabe, and Michael Caine.
Nolan spent his childhood in the United States and England, and later studied English literature at University College, London, which he choose specifically for its film-making facilities. There he made a series shorts in the college film society, and met the friends with whom he would later make Following (1998), his independent début feature.